Many of us will experience neck and back discomfort at least once in our lives. There are many reasons why many people have back pain. The following are some of the causes of back pains and complications.Back Pain

Injury or accident:

For some people problems may be as a result of an injury or accident.  Accidents lead to shock in the muscles and tendons. In severe cases it may be as a result of bone dislocation. It is advisable to seek medical assistance if the pain persists.

Poor posture:

For others the problems is as a result of slow and progressive increase of pain on the back. Sometimes the issue could be as a result of a continued poor posture. Usually a poor posture puts your head forward and exerts a lot of stress on the muscle in the back of the neck and the upper part of the shoulders. If you have a poor posture problem your muscles are constantly in a state of contraction which results in injury and discomfort.

Failure to exercise:

Failure to exercise opposing muscle groups can lead to neck, shoulder and back discomfort. The imbalance of muscle strength can lead to chronic or periodic pressure in these areas.


A sedentary lifestyle, obesity and lack of muscle tone may also lead to back complications. The neck and back share the same muscles and that means if one is negatively affected it will impact the other.

Treatment options:

The following are some of the safe and effective things to do. However, if your back does not benefit from these, the best thing will be to see a doctor.We at Optimal Recovery Physiotherapy in Surrey are committed to providing our clients with excellent treatment for all types of musculoskeletal injuries.

Application of heat or ice:

Apply heat or ice on the specific area in a way that you feel comfortable. In other words, beside the fact that ice may be too cold, you should not feel pain as you do this. You may need to apply ice packs wrapped in towels for around 10 minutes after every 2 hours. On the other hand, you may need to apply heat instead of ice or use the two. Remember to have a cloth between your skin and the ice.


Massage helps to increase blood flow to the muscles. It also improves muscle tone and assists your muscles to relax.


Use of pain relievers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen and aspirin can bring the pain down.


Try to lie comfortably in a well suspended bed and relax. The best position for your back is on your side with the knees bent.